Wilsons Promontory


Wilsons Promontory National Park (the Prom), is one of Victoria’s most loved parks, as well as a National Park with significant environmental and cultural heritage values.

Traditional Owners have a deep and continuing connection to the land and waters of the Prom and have an ongoing role in caring for Country. At present, formal recognition is not in place at Wilsons Promontory. Traditional Owners who have interests in the area are represented by a number of Traditional Owner groups including two of the region’s Recognised Aboriginal Parties – Gunaikurnai Land and Waters Aboriginal Corporation and Bunurong Land Council Corporation and the Boonwurrung Land and Sea Council.

Wilsons Promontory forms the southern-most tip of mainland Australia. More than 20% of Victoria’s native plant species and half of its bird species occur in the National Park1.

Wilsons Promontory includes mountains, forests, fern gullies and granite headlands and is further defined by its sandy beaches, coastal dunes, heathlands and swamps, its diverse marine environment and islands1. The local area incorporates both the Wilsons Promontory National Park and Marine National Park.

The local area is located within a landscape of high natural values adjacent to Shallow Inlet and Corner Inlet Marine and Coastal parks that provide internationally important habitat for migratory wading birds.

Wilsons Promontory is highly valued by both residents and tourists for its natural scenic values, educational and recreational opportunities and Aboriginal cultural heritage significance. The landscape is underpinned by relatively stable soils and contains largely intact and diverse ecological vegetation communities including numerous rare and threatened species. The promontory is of national geological and geomorphological significance, containing a number of sites of State and regional significance2.

The main waterways include Tidal River, Darby River and Barry Creek, along with smaller streams including Growler, Miranda, Chinaman and Sealers Creeks and associated wetland areas. The waterways of Wilsons Promontory retain largely natural values as a result of their protection in the National Park.

Wilsons Promontory has diverse vegetation communities including:

  • Warm Temperate Rainforest
  • Cool Temperate Rainforest
  • Tall Open Forests
  • Woodlands
  • Heathlands
  • Swamp and Coastal Communities.

The habitats of Wilsons Promontory support threatened fauna species, including the:

  • New Holland Mouse
  • Long-Nosed Potoroo
  • Ground Parrot
  • White-Bellied Sea-Eagle
  • Swamp Skink
  • Damselfly (Hemiphlebia mirabilis)1.

Conservation planning for Wilsons Promontory has identified six terrestrial and four marine conservation assets: Heathland, Mixed Dry Forest and Woodland, Wet Forest and Rainforest, Coastal Grassy Woodland, Riparian and Wetland, Coastal (including islands), Unvegetated Soft Sediments, Subtidal Reefs, Seagrass Beds, and Water Column. These support a range of threatened species and important communities1.

The main day visitor, camping and overnight accommodation adjacent to the Tidal River estuary is a popular site for activities including walking, sightseeing, swimming, kayaking, boating and recreational fishing. The Prom continues to experience an increase in visitation with increased pressure on existing infrastructure and facilities in the park. The recently announced Prom revitalisation funding incorporates the Prom Sanctuary concept (predator proof fence and associated pest control) and infrastructure improvements to manage the impacts of visitation and improve visitor experience.

Collaborative action for Biodiversity

The local area incorporates the Wilsons Promontory landscapes of interest for Biodiversity Response Planning.

Wilsons Promontory is a focus area due to the high biodiversity values and the potential to effectively address threats to flora and fauna. The landscape supports largely intact terrestrial ecosystems surrounded by diverse marine habitat including offshore islands with seal and seabird colonies. Other biodiversity features include important vegetation communities, Cool Temperate Rainforest (Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 (Victorian)) and Subtropical and Temperate Coastal Saltmarsh (Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Federal)) and associated threatened flora and fauna7.